Alcoholism in a major disease in North America, affecting both alcoholics and their families. The aetiology of alcoholism includes hereditary, cultural, environmental, and psychological factors. Recovery initially requires surrender of the infantile ego and the formation of a stronger, more adapted one.
In this paper I briefly survey the importance that Jung placed on the religious instinct, his life long engagement with Christianity, as well as his abiding interest in Gnosticism, his encounter with the East, and his discovery of the Grail tradition and alchemy. I also look at Jung’s observations on Nazism, his realization of the living God and concept of the unus mundus. Jung sees Christianity as an ailing religion in need of healing. From his studies of the East, he gains much supportive knowledge that affirms his own empirical findings and personal experiences.
Whereas Subtext and Gestures are essentially about the same subject, body language, the treatment in each case is quite different. Julius Fast, author of Subtext, emphasizes hidden meaning. Encouraging the reader to be aware of subtle cues in order to master situations and to communicate more effectively in order to ensure that one’s gestures are in congruence with one’s will.
Subtext is a book full of practical advice on how to successfully make one’s way in the contemporary workplace. It is about how people communicate to each other by way of covert signals in addition to the spoken exchange that takes place between them. The spoken word is text whereas the covert language, often more revealing, is subtext.
An important principle of Jungian psychology involves synchronicity or meaningful coincidences of inner and outer events. The idea of synchronicity is not new, but was well known in earlier times, including by the natural philosophers of the European Middle Ages. They referred to such experiences in their theory of correspondentia that includes the comprehensive idea of the sympathy of all things. Thus, according to Hippocrates (as reported in Jung, 1975c, p. 490), “There is one common breathing, all things are in sympathy. …” linking the smallest particle in correspondence to the whole. Jung brought clarity to understanding such experiences, differentiating authentic synchronicity from causally-induced events of all kinds, including magic causality, where a chain of events is initiated though an esoteric ritual of some form.